If one suspects they may be pregnant, then one will likely need to take a pregnancy test to verify if they are. Getting pregnant is an exciting time for any parent to be, it can also be a nerve wrecking one as one waits to know the outcome. How then does a pregnancy test work, what does one need to know as they wait for the results and be well?
Understanding pregnancy tests
A pregnancy test is meant to confirm whether one is pregnant. From the onset of pregnancy, the fetus produces a hormone known as HCG – human chorionic gondotrophin. The substance only exits once a woman is pregnant and can be detected in a woman if they are pregnant. The levels of the HCG also keep on increasing as the pregnancy progresses on. The peak of the hormone will be around 8 to 11 weeks and then it will drop to a lower level at around 12 to 16 weeks.
When to take a pregnancy test
It is advisable to take a pregnancy test at least five days after the delay of one’s menstrual period. The timing also depends on the kind of pregnancy test that one wants to do or use. The reason to do some days after one misses their period is because before that one’s HCG levels in the urine may be very low to be detected by the pregnancy test.
Types of tests
There are two popular methods that are used by women to check whether they are pregnant. This is the urine test that can be done as a home pregnancy test or at the doctors and the blood tests which is normally done in a medical facility. Both methods measure the amount of HCG in the urine or blood. It is said that the home pregnancy test can be 99% accurate in detecting pregnancies and that one needs to follow the instructions to the letter. The blood test from medical facilities is said to be most accurate.
When to do a pregnancy test
One may be wondering when is the best time for them to take a pregnancy test. It is suggested that one takes a test one or two weeks after their missed period date. This is because the levels of HCG will be high enough to be detected before that they may be too low to give an accurate result.
Another sign of taking a pregnancy test is if your breasts hurt, as the pregnancy produces more estrogen and progesterone hormones one’s body begins to change to support the baby’s growth. One’s breasts may feel tender and appear bigger this is because of increased blood flow. Other signs may be that one body is feeling different, one gets nausea, has food aversions, gets exhausted fast and frequently urinates. All this are signs that one needs to do a pregnancy test.